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Children qualify as dependents if they meet both of these requirements:
- They are under 22 years old
- They don’t have a spouse or common law partner
Children 22 years old or older qualify as dependents if they meet both of these requirements:
- They are unable to financially support themselves because of a mental or physical condition
- They have depended on their parents for financial support since before the age of 22
With the exception of age, your dependent child must continue to meet these requirements until we finish processing your application.
If they qualify as a dependent child, you can sponsor your own child
If you are a Canadian citizen, your child may also be a Canadian citizen, even if they were not born in Canada. You cannot sponsor your child for permanent residence if they are Canadian citizens already.
If you are sponsoring just your child, without sponsoring your spouse or partner, you will name your child as the principal applicant in the application. You will have to show that the other parent or legal guardian agrees to your child immigrating to Canada. See your checklist for what you will need to provide.
If the child you want to sponsor has a child of their own (your grandchild), you will include your grandchild as a dependent in the application.
If you want to sponsor your adopted child or an orphaned family member, follow the instructions to sponsor your adopted child or orphaned family member instead.
If you are sponsoring your spouse or partner and a child (either their own child or a child you have had together), you will name your spouse or partner as the principal applicant and the child as the dependent in the application.
If the child you want to sponsor has a child of their own, you will include the grandchild as a dependent in the application.
To show they meet the eligibility requirements, your spouse, partner, dependent child and their dependent children (if applicable) must provide:
- All required forms and documents with their application
- Any additional information we request during processing, including
- Medical exams
You cannot sponsor someone who is inadmissible to Canada. This means they are not allowed to come to Canada.
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